Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are increasingly compromising male fertility and overall health. Regular screening and early detection are crucial to prevent severe consequences.

* STDs can lead to infertility, prostate and throat cancer, and other severe health issues in men

* Regular screenings and early detection are essential for effective treatment and prevention

* Mental health can also be affected by STDs, causing depression, anxiety, and loneliness

Infertility has become a public health concern worldwide, witnessing a rising trend among couples. While there are several factors causing infertility, one of the major reasons remains – sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) have become quite prevalent in men, impacting their fertility. These infections, transmitted during any sexual activity, can significantly impact overall well-being.

STDs can manifest differently in men. These diseases are caused by bacteria and viruses that thrive in moist and warm conditions, and the transmission can occur through contact with vaginal fluid, semen, blood, or skin-to-skin contact with an infected person.

Doctors have suggested regular screening to detect any STD early and provide immediate treatment to avoid the spreading of infections.

Dr Ravindra Hodarkar, Urologist at Zynova Shalby Hospital, explained various STDs and their symptoms:

Chlamydia: A bacterial infection transmitted through anal, oral, or vaginal sex, causing penile discharge, swollen testicles, and painful urination.

Gonorrhea: Affects the anus, throat, or urethra, leading to painful urination and penile discharge.

Hepatitis A: Spread through unprotected sexual contact, causing fever and fatigue.

Hepatitis B: Transmitted through contact with infected blood or bodily fluids, resulting in nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, and jaundice.

Herpes: A viral condition caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV), leading to blisters on the genitals, lips, tongue, and gums.

Human papillomavirus (HPV): Causes genital warts and warts in the mouth and throat.

Syphilis: A bacterial STI causing skin rash, tiredness, and headache.

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus): Transmitted via bodily fluids, with symptoms including fever, rash, sore throat, headache, cough, diarrhea, and weight loss.

Dr. Hodarkar emphasised the importance of regular screenings and early detection to prevent long-term effects such as infertility, prostate and throat cancer, genital ulcers, and organ damage.

Dr Rajesh Bendre, National Technical Head & Chief Pathologist at Apollo Diagnostics, Mumbai, highlighted the importance of diagnosis as STDs can impact mental health.

“STDs can severely impact mental health, leading to depression, stress, anxiety, and loneliness. Consult a doctor who can diagnose and treat the infection. Diagnosis involves a physical examination, oral swab, blood tests, and swabs from the penis and genital sores,” said Dr Bendre.

Bacterial STDs are treatable with antibiotics, but viral infections like herpes and HIV are not curable. Preventive measures include practising safe sex and avoiding sharing personal items.

The doctors underscored that STDs are a serious health concern for men. Awareness, regular screening, and prompt treatment are vital to managing and preventing these infections.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *